The Portrait Editing Workflow taught in this article consists of the following steps:
- quick clean-up
- advanced Dodge & Burn
- targeted luminosity adjustments
- selective sharpening
- optional finish: funky Gel Lighting Effect
This is the first step, the process begins with a quick clean-up with the basic Photoshop tools such as Spot Healing Brush or Stamp (depending on the issue). Here we focus on removing any sensor / lens dust or major skin imperfections present in the image.
2. Dodge & Burn
The "heart" of any efficient edit. Dodging and Burning derives from a darkroom manual photo developing techniques. Simply speaking it is based on darkening (burning) or brightening (dodging) selected areas in the image. Since photography is all about light and shadow - Dodging & Burning well performed can truly enhance definition of your work.
First we will create a set of Layers that will be used to perform the Dodging & Burning technique. After getting the Layers stack ready comes the image evaluation - here we decide on the look we want to achieve. It is helpful to quickly mark on a helper layer the areas that need to be corrected, muted, reshaped or strengthened. Typically the Dodge & Burn process is divided into two stages: Corrective and Contouring. During the Corrective stage we are working with large magnification and focusing mostly on perfecting surfaces in the photo such as smoothening skin texture. This is most time consuming part of the edit, requires precision and patience. The second stage, Contouring is the fun-part, which most of the photographers truly enjoy. During Contouring we will work with global enhancement of light and shadow in the image - the effect is increased contrast, greater sense of depth and volume. Both stages need to be performed in a sensible manner there is a fine line between an enhanced, effective image and overdone, fake-looking final effect.
3. Targeted Luminosity Adjustments
At this point, after finishing Dodging & Burning we are ready to take the next step and apply Luminosity Adjustments to bring out selected highlights in the image, or mute areas that will benefit from darkening. This is the final step when it comes to working on luminosity levels in the photo - it is all about skilful balance and adjusting the look to our taste.
Selective sharpening is one of the typically added final touches, to accentuate elements or textures in the image. Best applied light-handed.
That's it for now. In the upcoming, second article we will focus on color grading of the image.
The animation illustrates original image (step 1) versus version with applied Corrective D&B (step 2), and Contouring (step 3).